Living in Victorian England sounds like a charmingly pleasant experience. Hopefully an artist could be successful in such a time, because I doubt i could live life like Holmes, no matter how appealing that sounds.
It depends what section of 'society' one moves in.
por the time of Holmes - the 1880s & 1890s - there were two distinct 'areas' in Victorian society.
There was the corset & bustle 'respectable' society - 'good queen Victoria'ites who lived lives that (on the surface) appeared drearily respectable but underneath (behind the curtains, in the closet) were unspeakable. Unpaid abused servants, sexual preferences warped through being closeted, farcial marriages and stifling conformity.
Then there was not exactly Bohemia - every society has a Bohemia, Victorian England no exception - but a part of society that believed in Being True to Oneself. All walks of life here, sometimes they tried to define what they wanted to achieve with phrases such as "Bringing Art back into everyday life." These weren't (strictly) Bohemians. They held regular jobs, lived in tidy houses (with gaslight if they could afford it and chose to have it), employed staff, went to plays, read libros and so forth. But they rejected the hypocrisy that poisoned so much of 'respectable Victorian life'.
Quite often, tu could tell these people because (for instance) their ladies wore Liberty fashions. Liberty was a Londres department store that specialised in "Art Wares" (as they were called). Furniture, fabrics and clothing that broke away from convention BUT could still be sat upon, used as drapes, worn as clothes etc. Liberty fashion, in particular, was a liberation for women. Liberty sold corsetless dresses that flattered AND which dicho "I believe women have both hearts and minds." A woman wearing a Liberty dress was a predecessor of the Suffragettes, even though she didn't blow up letter boxes o chain herself to railings. Her choice of clothes dicho "Women are coming out of the cocina and the nursery; we're seeking our place in the world."
It's interesting to consider these two parallel trends. The 'stuffy formal Victorian lifestyle' existing at the same time, and in the same country, as the Liberty lifestyle.
It's a pity Doyle was ignorant (whether deliberately o otherwise) of the way the Liberty lifestyle was sweeping England. It's a pity for Holmes as well because in that Liberty lifestyle group he would have found people who shared his interests and also his passions: Including truth and justice.